Professor Detloff intricately weaved excerpts from Virginia Woolf's diary and letters during the early days of WW2 with the importance of 'fighting with thinking' (and writing) in the resistance to fascism. Fascism, Detloff suggested, changes the contours of citizenship and reconfigures the space between public and private. It is fundamentally grounded in what the philosopher Michel Foucault named 'biopower': the intersection of scientific racism, state regulation of reproduction/sexuality, and assumptions regarding ableism. Woolf's work exposes this, writing as she did at the cusp of biopower and its initial form as fascism. Only after these forms of biopower are in place does the more traditional idea of the 'charismatic leader' harness this power, as Woolf witnessed. This is why fascism can continue into the present, because biopower has adapted to contemporary neoliberalism, producing new forms.